Osteoarthritis: All About The Alarming Bone Deformity Condition February 12, 2019

Osteoarthritis (OA) – isn’t it a well-known medical term that we hear frequently? Yes, this is the second most common rheumatologic problem and the most frequent joint disease with a prevalence of 22% to 39% in India (Source: National Health Portal). This is a chronic, degenerative musculoskeletal disorder that includes the gradual wearing of the cartilage in the joints. Pain, inflammation and painful joint movement are the three major symptoms of osteoarthritis, which can worsen over time. And the knee and hip joints are the most commonly affected area by osteoarthritis.

Being a chronic disease, osteoarthritis has limited possibilities, but proper osteoarthritis diagnosis and treatment help manage the symptoms and slow down the progression of the condition. Timely medication, change in lifestyle also reduce the necessity of surgery.

In this blog, we will guide you into the fundamental steps and methods of osteoarthritis treatment.

Osteoarthritis Treatment at Gangasheel Hospital

Being one of the leading healthcare providers in Bareilly and surrounding Uttar Pradesh, Gangasheel Hospital has the experience of working with hundreds of osteoarthritis patients with different complications. We are aware of the varied concerns and needs of the patients’ and the treatments to return to a normal lifestyle.

We understand the importance of careful and expert osteoarthritis treatment and step by step administration of the treatment process. Osteoarthritis is such a condition that requires efficient treatment, intensive care, and continuously follow up to ensure fast recovery.

The most crucial part of the treatment preparation for osteoarthritis involves the step to learn the nature of the arthritic condition and the potential treatment options.

This not only helps the doctor to identify the condition and the needs but helps the patients to understand the same and to decide the right treatment opportunity to increase the chances of recovery.

Osteoarthritis Treatment – Three Major Steps

Osteoarthritis is not an auto-immune disease like rheumatoid arthritis. But it is a degenerative condition that happens as a result of physical wear and tears and the severity of the condition increases over time. Though it usually happens with ageing, serious accidents or past joint injuries may escalate the condition.

An advanced stage of osteoarthritis affects one’s regular lifestyle. Thus, it is essential to seek immediate medical consultation and professional treatment.

Listed below are the three major steps of osteoarthritis diagnosis and treatment which must be followed to restrain the uncontrolled spread of osteoarthritis and leave a normal life.

1. Examination & Diagnosis

As the initial symptoms may confuse with other bone and joint disorder, proper examination and diagnosis are vital. This is the 1st step to start proper treatment for the occurring symptoms.

In most of the cases, an x-ray is required to analyse the joint deformation, while MRI Scan is suggested in certain conditions. In addition, blood tests and fluid tests may also be done to rule out other conditions like rheumatoid arthritis, gout or any other infectious condition. Now, with the test reports an official diagnosis can be made.
There are some certain conditions that make patients sensitised to osteoarthritis and make a positive diagnosis, likely:

  • Ageing
  • Past Joint Injuries
  • Bone Deformities
  • Obesity
  • Sex (9.6% male while 18% of females aged over 60 years have symptomatic osteoarthritis worldwide – Source: National Health Portal)
  • Physically Stressful Work & Activity

Patients with certain symptoms listed below are likely to have positive osteoarthritis diagnosis:

  • Joint Pain
  • Stiffness at Joints
  • Inflexibility
  • Immobility
  • Locking & Buckling in Joints
  • Inflammation
  • Swelling
  • Bone Spurs
  • Muscle Weakness etc.

2 . Non-Surgical Treatments

After examination and diagnosis, treatments are started immediately. Those who are diagnosed with early stage of joint damage, treated with non-surgical options that effectively relieve painful conditions, improve mobility and limit the spread of further joint deformity.

Non-surgical treatments include lifestyle changes like regular exercising, healthy & bone-friendly diet, weight loss, restricted physical activities and stressful practices etc. It also includes the use of braces, physical therapy, anti-inflammatory drugs, corticosteroids etc.

Do not treat yourself without expert supervision. Visit Joint Replacement & Orthopaedics Department at Gangasheel Hospital immediately.

3. Surgical Procedures

Though surgery is not recommended for every osteoarthritis case, in advanced stages it is nearly unavoidable. Where the non-surgical treatments have proven its limitations, surgical methods are the only and possibly the most realistic way out to relieve pain and restore mobility.

There are four types of Joint Surgeries are performed regarding the arthritic conditions, which includes –

Arthroscopy: By making a small incision, surgeons may remove bone cysts, spurs, damaged cartilage, and smooth rough spots. This surgical procedure has limited uses for certain injuries, sports injuries etc.

Osteotomy: Damaged endings of long bones are cut or wedged to realign the leg or arm, and to reduce pressure from the affected joint.

Joint Fusion: Pins, plates, screws or rods are inserted in bone joints to fuse multiple bones together and make a continuous joint. This surgical method reduces pain to a great extent but it restricts movability.

Joint Replacement/ Anthroplasty: Damaged part of the bone is cut and replaced with artificial bone joints made of metal or plastic materials. This surgical process reduces joint pain and improves immobility dramatically. This is the best option to treat severe osteoarthritis and recover the maximum possible normal lifestyle. Get an expert view on this at Gangasheel Hospital.

Osteoarthritis Treatment at Gangasheel Hospital

Starting from the initial examination, diagnosis to step by step osteoarthritis treatment and the following recovery period, each step of your treatment process is performed under expert supervision, with the utmost attention and care at the Department for Joint Replacement, Rheumatology & Orthopaedics of Gangasheel Hospital.

For more details, visit us here or book an appointment – Telephone: 0581-2302017 or Email: appoint@gangasheel.com

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