Department of Cardio Thoracic & Vascular Surgery
Welcome To Gangasheel Hospital
What is Aortic Valve Disease?
Aortic valve disease is a condition that occurs when the aorta (Body's main artery) and left ventricle (the lower left chamber of the heart) don't work properly. The aortic valve controls how blood flows from your left ventricle into your aorta.
There are two different types of aortic valve disease:-
Aortic Stenosis and Aortic Regurgitation.
With aortic stenosis, the opening of the aortic valve is narrower than it should be, restricting blood flow to the aorta.
In aortic regurgitation, some of the blood leaks into the left ventricle because the aortic valve does not close properly.
Symptoms are different in types:-
- Aortic Stenosis can cause:-
- Swollen ankles
- Shortness of breath
- Rapid or fluttering pulse
- Aortic regurgitation may cause:-
- Fainting, during physical activity
- Serious Coughing
- Heart Palpitations
The mitral valve is located on the left side of your heart between two chambers: the left atrium and left ventricle. The valve works to maintain proper unidirectional blood flow from the left atrium to the left ventricle. It also prevents blood from flowing back.
There are three different types of mitral valve disease:-
Mitral valve stenosis:-
Stenosis occurs when the valve opening narrows. This means that not enough blood can get into the left ventricle.
Mitral valve prolapse:-
Prolapse occurs when the valve flaps bulge outward instead of closing tightly. This could prevent the valve from fully closing and regurgitation, the backflow of blood, can occur.
Mitral valve regurgitation:-
Regurgitation occurs when blood leaks out of the valve and flows back into the left atrium when the left ventricle is compressed.
Symptoms of Mitral Valve Disease are:-
- Shortness of breath (while resting and exercising)
- Pain and tightness in the chest
- Sometimes irregular heartbeats
- Quicker recovery
- Short Hospital Stay
- Lower risk of infection
- Less bleeding and trauma